Liu Che (156 BC - March 29, BC), the Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, the seventh emperor of the Western Han Dynasty, a politician and a writer. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty (the first 141 years - the first 87 years), politically, the establishment of the Chinese and foreign dynasties, the statutory system, the inspection system, the enactment of enlightenment orders, and the strengthening of monarchy and centralization. In the economy, the implementation of measures such as leveling, losing, calculating, and admonishing, and casting five yuan, the government monopolizes the operation of salt, iron, and wine, and suppresses the power of wealthy businessmen. In terms of culture, "stop a hundred schools, only respect Confucianism" and set up Taixue.
Externally, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty adopted an expansion policy. In addition to fighting with the Xiongnu for many years, it also broke through the Vietnam, South Vietnam, Wei's North Korea, Dawan, and hollowed out the Western Region, opened the Silk Road, and opened up the Southwest. In addition, there are initiatives such as the creation of the year number and the promulgation of the first calendar. However, he believes in magic, self-dedication, and arrogance, leading to a crisis of ruling, the eruption of witchcraft in his later years, and later due to frustration of external expansion《轮台诏》. In the second year of the Yuan Dynasty (87 BC), Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty collapsed in the Wuyi Palace, at the age of 70, and was buried in Maoling. The historical influence of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was far-reaching and complicated, and the evaluation was controversial. After the death, he was nicknamed Xiaowu Emperor. Its deeds are seen in《史记》,《汉书》, and its anecdotes are more common《汉武故事》.
The Emperor Wu of Han was born in the first year of Han Jingdi (the first 156 years) and was the neutron of Han Jing. When his mother Wang was pregnant, Han Jingdi was still a prince. Wang dreamed that the sun would enter her arms and told Han Jingdi that Han Jingdi said: "This is also a noble sign." Liu Che was not born, and his grandfather Han Wendi died. After Emperor Han Jing was in the throne, Liu Che was born. He is also the only son of Wang.
XXHe further weakened the power of the princes and kings, and promulgated the stipulations proposed by the minister's father-in-law (yǎn), and used the legal system to push the princes and kings to seal the sons as hou, so that the vassal king's fiefdom had to be self-reduced. At the same time, he set up a history and monitored the place. Strengthen centralization of power, and organize private businesses such as iron smelting, boiled salt, and winemaking to be managed by the central government, prohibiting vassal states from casting money, and making fiscal power centralized in the central government. In thought, Dong Zhongshu's suggestion of "dismissing 100 schools and honoring Confucianism alone" paved the way for the special status of Confucianism education in ancient China. He founded a special Confucian education in Chang'an. Taixue was the highest institution at that time.
During the Hanwu Emperor, the Han Dynasty did not lack the rule of law. While preaching Confucianism, Emperor Wu also adopted laws and criminal laws to consolidate the authority of the government and show the status of the imperial power. Therefore, sinologists believe that this should be based on Confucianism, supplemented by the law, a system of internal and external Confucianism, which advocates Confucianism and Taoism to the general public to show the government's softness, and imposes a harsh criminal law on the internal government. Restrict the Minister.
After the series of development of economy and people's livelihood policies, such as the rehabilitation of Wenjing, the national strength of the Western Han Dynasty has flourished. While inheriting these policies, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty actively prepared for the development of military power. In the military, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty first settled the turmoil in the southern country. Later, he began to use military means to replace the humiliating and pro-political policy to completely solve the threat of the Xiongnu in the north. The famous generals Wei Qing and Huo went to the disease three times to attack the Xiongnu, and collected the Hetao area, seized the Hexi Corridor, and sealed the wolf, and pushed the northern territory of the Han Dynasty from the Great Wall to Mobei.
At the same time as the war against the Xiongnu, peaceful means and military means were adopted to surrender the Western countries. After losing the fertile and lush Mobei area, the Xiongnu Wangting moved to Mobei, which basically solved the threat of the Xiongnu to the Central Plains since the early Western Han Dynasty and laid the foundation for the later integration of the Western Region into the Chinese territory. Zhang Yi made the Western Region, the route of silk began here.xx
在郑和元年（头92年），汉武帝住在建章宫，看见一个带剑的人进入中龙华门。他怀疑他是一个不寻常的人并命令他捕获。这名男子逃离了剑，守卫追逐而未能获胜。汉武帝大怒并执行了负责宫殿入口的看门人。 11月的冬天，汉武帝在三姑地区招募了骑兵，对上林花园进行了大规模的搜查，下令关闭长安城门进行搜查。 11天后，解除了戒严令。巫术事件开始出现。