汉武大帝——刘彻(1---21)


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Liu Che (156 BC - March 29, BC), the Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, the seventh emperor of the Western Han Dynasty, a politician and a writer. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty (the first 141 years - the first 87 years), politically, the establishment of the Chinese and foreign dynasties, the statutory system, the inspection system, the enactment of enlightenment orders, and the strengthening of monarchy and centralization. In the economy, the implementation of measures such as leveling, losing, calculating, and admonishing, and casting five yuan, the government monopolizes the operation of salt, iron, and wine, and suppresses the power of wealthy businessmen. In terms of culture, "stop a hundred schools, only respect Confucianism" and set up Taixue.

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Externally, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty adopted an expansion policy. In addition to fighting with the Xiongnu for many years, it also broke through the Vietnam, South Vietnam, Wei's North Korea, Dawan, and hollowed out the Western Region, opened the Silk Road, and opened up the Southwest. In addition, there are initiatives such as the creation of the year number and the promulgation of the first calendar. However, he believes in magic, self-dedication, and arrogance, leading to a crisis of ruling, the eruption of witchcraft in his later years, and later due to frustration of external expansion《轮台诏》. In the second year of the Yuan Dynasty (87 BC), Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty collapsed in the Wuyi Palace, at the age of 70, and was buried in Maoling. The historical influence of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was far-reaching and complicated, and the evaluation was controversial. After the death, he was nicknamed Xiaowu Emperor. Its deeds are seen in《史记》,《汉书》, and its anecdotes are more common《汉武故事》.

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The Emperor Wu of Han was born in the first year of Han Jingdi (the first 156 years) and was the neutron of Han Jing. When his mother Wang was pregnant, Han Jingdi was still a prince. Wang dreamed that the sun would enter her arms and told Han Jingdi that Han Jingdi said: "This is also a noble sign." Liu Che was not born, and his grandfather Han Wendi died. After Emperor Han Jing was in the throne, Liu Che was born. He is also the only son of Wang.

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xx前元四年(前153年),刘彻以皇子的身份被封为胶东王。同年,景帝的长子,他的异母长兄刘荣获封为太子。前元六年(前151年)秋九月,无子无宠的薄皇后被废第二年(前150年)春正月,景帝废栗太子刘荣为临江王;夏四月乙巳,刘彻之母王氏被立为皇后,丁巳,刘彻被立为太子。

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刘彻成为太子与其母孝景王皇后和其姑母馆陶公主刘嫖有很大关系,王氏许诺让刘彻迎娶刘嫖之女陈氏,因此在储位之争中得到刘嫖持支持。刘彻后娶陈氏为妃,两人成婚的时间无考。后元三年(前141年)正月,景帝逝世。甲子,太子刘彻即皇帝位,尊皇太后窦氏曰太皇太后,皇后王氏曰皇太后。

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汉武帝登基之初,汉朝建立已经有六十多年了,天下安定,朝廷大臣们都希望天子举行祭祀泰山和梁父山的封禅大典,改换确定各种制度。而皇上也崇尚儒家的学说,就通过贤良方正的科目招纳贤士。赵绾,王臧等人靠文章博学而做官,达到公卿的高位。他们想要建议天子按古制在城南建立宣明政教的明堂,作为朝会诸侯的地方。

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他们所草拟的天子出巡,封禅和改换历法服色制度的计划尚未完成,正赶上窦太后还在推崇信奉黄帝,老子的道家学说,不喜欢儒术,于是派人私下里察访赵绾等人所干的非法谋利之类的事情,传讯审查赵绾,王臧,赵绾,王臧自杀,他们所建议兴办的那些事情也就废止了。直至建元六年(前135年)五月窦太后去世,汉武帝才得以掌握大权。

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XXHe further weakened the power of the princes and kings, and promulgated the stipulations proposed by the minister's father-in-law (yǎn), and used the legal system to push the princes and kings to seal the sons as hou, so that the vassal king's fiefdom had to be self-reduced. At the same time, he set up a history and monitored the place. Strengthen centralization of power, and organize private businesses such as iron smelting, boiled salt, and winemaking to be managed by the central government, prohibiting vassal states from casting money, and making fiscal power centralized in the central government. In thought, Dong Zhongshu's suggestion of "dismissing 100 schools and honoring Confucianism alone" paved the way for the special status of Confucianism education in ancient China. He founded a special Confucian education in Chang'an. Taixue was the highest institution at that time.

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During the Hanwu Emperor, the Han Dynasty did not lack the rule of law. While preaching Confucianism, Emperor Wu also adopted laws and criminal laws to consolidate the authority of the government and show the status of the imperial power. Therefore, sinologists believe that this should be based on Confucianism, supplemented by the law, a system of internal and external Confucianism, which advocates Confucianism and Taoism to the general public to show the government's softness, and imposes a harsh criminal law on the internal government. Restrict the Minister.

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After the series of development of economy and people's livelihood policies, such as the rehabilitation of Wenjing, the national strength of the Western Han Dynasty has flourished. While inheriting these policies, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty actively prepared for the development of military power. In the military, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty first settled the turmoil in the southern country. Later, he began to use military means to replace the humiliating and pro-political policy to completely solve the threat of the Xiongnu in the north. The famous generals Wei Qing and Huo went to the disease three times to attack the Xiongnu, and collected the Hetao area, seized the Hexi Corridor, and sealed the wolf, and pushed the northern territory of the Han Dynasty from the Great Wall to Mobei.

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At the same time as the war against the Xiongnu, peaceful means and military means were adopted to surrender the Western countries. After losing the fertile and lush Mobei area, the Xiongnu Wangting moved to Mobei, which basically solved the threat of the Xiongnu to the Central Plains since the early Western Han Dynasty and laid the foundation for the later integration of the Western Region into the Chinese territory. Zhang Yi made the Western Region, the route of silk began here.

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在元丰六年(前105年),西君公主与乌孙和亲结婚。在天文历法中,它一直是韩城琴系。汉初,使用秦历,第一年是10月。直到汉武帝初期,新历法才得以实施。春节从一开始就有了变化,汉武帝对此进行了修正。

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在郑和元年(头92年),汉武帝住在建章宫,看见一个带剑的人进入中龙华门。他怀疑他是一个不寻常的人并命令他捕获。这名男子逃离了剑,守卫追逐而未能获胜。汉武帝大怒并执行了负责宫殿入口的看门人。 11月的冬天,汉武帝在三姑地区招募了骑兵,对上林花园进行了大规模的搜查,下令关闭长安城门进行搜查。 11天后,解除了戒严令。巫术事件开始出现。

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孙子孙子孙子的孙子被用来自动使用军队花费1900万元。失败后,他被捕并被监禁。当时,汉武帝捣毁了杨凌英雄朱安石的殉难,而公孙何是赎回儿子的罪,将朱安石转移到宫廷。出乎意料的是,朱安石在狱中写了一本书,声称公孙京生和杨氏公主有私人关系,并埋葬木人在路上诅咒皇帝。汉武帝大怒,公孙的父子在监狱里,他们充满了抄袭。杨石公主,朱熹公主,魏青之子,常平侯伟贞先后被牵连杀害。

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这时,炼金术士和各种各样的神灵和女巫聚集在长安之都,大多数人都把左侧门的神奇魔力与人们混为一谈。一些女巫来到宫殿教授宫殿的美丽,以逃避灾难。每个房间都有木人和祭品。当他们互相争吵时,他们转向另一边诅咒皇帝并反叛。汉武帝大怒并杀害被指控的人。后宫,宫廷女士和牵连的部长杀死了数百人。

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汉武帝产生疑心以后,有一次,在白天小睡,梦见有好几千木头人手持棍棒想要袭击他,霍然惊醒,从此感到身体不舒服,精神恍惚,记忆力大减。江充自以为与太子刘据,卫皇后有嫌隙,见汉武帝年纪已老,害怕汉武帝去世后被刘据诛杀,便定下奸谋,说汉武帝的病是因为有巫术蛊作祟造成的。立即派江充去追查。

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江充率领胡人巫师到各处掘地寻找木头人,并逮捕了那些用巫术害人。江充一直搜查到卫皇后和太子刘据的住室,把事先准备好的木头人拿出来陷害太子。此时汉武帝在甘泉宫养病,不在长安。

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征和二年(前91年)七月壬午,刘据派人假冒使者收捕江充等人,把江充杀了。苏文逃到汉武帝处,向汉武帝控诉刘据,汉武帝开始并不相信此说,派使者召刘据,但使者不敢到刘据那里,回报汉武帝说“太子反已成,欲斩臣,臣逃归。”汉武帝大怒,下令丞相刘屈牦率兵平乱。刘据带人离去,将长安四市的市民约数万人强行武装起来,到长乐宫西门外,正遇到刘屈髦率领的军队,与丞相军激战五日,死者数万人

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长安城有流言说太子谋反,所以人们不敢依附刘据,而刘屈髦一边的兵力却不断加强,最终,刘据势孤力弱而兵败,唯有逃离长安。汉武帝愤怒异常,唯有壶关三老令孤茂敢上书汉武帝为刘据申冤。刘据向东逃到湖县(今河南灵宝西),隐藏在泉鸠里。主人家境贫寒,经常织卖草鞋来奉养刘据。

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XX刘有一位曾在胡县生活过的熟人。我听说它非常丰富。王子派人打电话给他,所以这个消息泄露了。 8月,辛亥(第八天),当地官员聚集在刘周围;刘知道他无法逃脱。然后他回到屋里去世了。搜寻王子的所有者和男子战斗并死亡。这两位皇帝也被杀害了。刘有三个儿子和一个女儿,所有人都因为巫师的混乱而被杀。刘子智的儿子,石黄孙刘金有一个儿子刘病幸存下来,仍然在小屋中间,后来改名为刘勋,为汉轩皇帝。

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很长一段时间,许多事情都不相信巫术。官僚和人民就谋杀和谋杀罪相互报道。经过调查,他们发现他们大部分都是不真实的。汉武帝知道刘只是可怕而无情。当时,高原郎天千秋的诉讼被说:“儿子是父亲,罪就是罪;天子的儿子谋杀了,当他退出时!我梦见一个白头的牧师“。所以汉武帝醒来,立即任命田千秋为大洪,命令江填补门,并在横桥上烧苏文。那些把刘剑互相添加的人也被杀了。当汉武帝无辜时,他派人到胡县建一座宫殿,称为“思想子宫”,并创造了一个名为“回归思想的平台”的高台,以便将他钉住对刘和两人。孙子的想法是悲伤和悲伤的。

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